How Did Women Activists Promote Peace in Their
1915 Tour of Warring European Capitals?



1. For more information on the attacks against peace activists, see Why Did the Right-Wing "Red Scare" Attack Women's Peace Activism during the 1920s?
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2. Officials' Report, London, England, Library of Congress, Ford Peace Plan Papers (Emily Greene Balch Papers Microfilm, reel 20, #1012).
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3. Emily Greene Balch, "Peace Delegates in Scandinavia and Russia," The Survey (September 4, 1915), p. 508.
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4. Emily Greene Balch, Beyond Nationalism: The Social Thought of Emily Greene Balch (New York: Twayne, 1972), p. 72.
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Document 18

5. For more information on Mary Heaton Vorse, see Dee Garrison, Mary Heaton Vorse: The Life of an American Insurgent (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1989).
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