What were the Origins of International Women's Day, 1886-1920?

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Abstract

Introduction

MAY DAY CELEBRATIONS, 1886-1890

Document 1: "A Mild Mannered Crowd," 2 May 1886

Document 2: "Western Labor Parades," 2 May 1886

Document 3: "May Day Safely Passed," 2 May 1890

SOCIALIST WOMEN RESPOND TO THE CHALLENGE OF
MIDDLE-CLASS WOMAN SUFFRAGE MOVEMENTS, 1906-1908

Document 4: Clara Zetkin, Woman Suffrage, 1906

Document 5: Josephine C. Kaneko,"New York City," March 1908

Document 6: National Convention of the Socialist Party, "Majority Report of Women's Committee," 17 May 1908

Document 7: Dr. Antoinnette F. Konikow, "Socialist Women in Germany," 5 December 1908

NATIONAL WOMAN'S DAY EMERGES IN THE U.S. AND EMBRACES
CROSS-CLASS COALITIONS, 1909-1915

Document 8: Excerpt from "Suffragists and Socialists Demand Votes For Women," 1 March 1909

Document 9: Theresa Malkiel, "Woman's Day," 28 December 1909

Document 10: "Woman's Day," February 1910

Document 11A: "Yonkers Holds Big Woman's Day Meet," 28 February 1910

Document 11B: "Women Pack Big Hall in Brooklyn," 28 February 1910

Document 12: "Reports From 'Woman's Day,'" April 1910

Document 13: "Plans Complete For Woman's Day Meeting," 23 February 1911

Document 14: "Woman's Day in Philadelphia," April 1911

Document 15: "Great Socialist Meetings Will Mark Woman's Day Tomorrow," 27 February 1915

Document 16: "Foreign Language Bodies Celebrate Woman's Day," 1 March 1915

Document 17: "Woman's Day Honored as Thousands Acclaim Causes of Socialism, Suffrage, and Justice," 1 March 1915

CROSS-CLASS SUPPORT FOR WAGE-EARNING WOMEN ON
STRIKE IN NEW YORK, 1909

Document 18: "Girl Strikers Go to the City Hall," 4 December 1909

Document 19: "College Girls as Picket in a Strike," 19 December 1909

Document 20: "Autos for Strikers in Shirtwaist War," 21 December 1909

INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S DAY EMERGES IN EUROPE
SUPPORTED BY THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL, 1910-1920

Document 21: Clara Zetkin and others, "International Women's Day," 29 August 1910

Document 22: Alexandra Kollontai, International Women's Day, 1920

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