Document 14: Department of Commerce and Labor, Bureau of the Census, Special Reports, Prisoners and Juvenile Delinquents in Institutions, 1904 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1907).

Introduction

       For all the letters and documents, sometimes numbers help fill out the picture. This information, gathered from U.S. census records, numerically displays the situation in Iowa in 1904 with regard to juvenile offenders. The tables provided here reveal the profile of juvenile offenders by race, ethnicity and gender. Figures for the United States, Illinois, Pennsylvania and Nebraska are included for purposes of comparison to Iowa. Illinois ad Pennsylvania were the first two states to pass a juvenile court law and Nebraska's demographic profile was similar, in 1904, to Iowa's. The tables display a variety of categories with the intent of showing categories of juvenile offenders and detention with a breakdown by state, race and gender. By looking across various categories, one can see definite disparities, especially in between races and genders.

 

Male Juvenile Delinquents Enumerated (1904)

150
  Aggregate White:Native Born White: Foreign Born Colored

US

PN

IL

IA

NE

18,177

1,461

1,062

503

164

14,130

1,108 

780

463

150

1,562

140

92

1

8

2,482

213

190

39

6

 

Female Juvenile Delinquents Enumerated (1904)

  Aggregate White: Native Born White: Foreign Born Colored

US

PN

IL

IA

NE

4,857

231

324

211

---

3,859

160

267

133

---

312

18

20

4

---

680

52

37

24

---

Juvenile Delinquents Convicted of Crimes Against Society -- Committed(1904)

Drunkenness Disorderly Conduct Vagrancy

 Male    Female Male    Female Male    Female

US       15        7        665      136   621 93

                           

PN       ---        ---                    3          1      23        ---

IL         ---        ---                    ---        40   ---        2

IA        ---        ---                    2          ---      2          9

NE       ---        ---                    ---        ---   11        ---

Incorrigibility      Truancy     All Others

  Male    Female             Male    Female   Male    Female

US 1,789   592         1,166   56                 549      2000

PN       232      78                    12        ---        8          ---

IL         ---        33       ---        14          3          3

IA        85        23       ---        ---        ---        3         

NE       18        ---    ---        ---       ---        ---

Juvenile Delinquents Convicted of Offenses Against the Person –Committed (1904)

Assault   Robbery   All Other

 Male    Female       Total   Male    Female

US       209      10     130    31        3

PN       11        ---     2 1         ---

IL         29        ---    73    10        ---

IA        2          ---      1  ---        ---

NE       3          ---    2    1   ---

Literacy Rates for Juvenile Delinquents (10 years old +) – Committed(1904)

Males

Literate Illiterate* Not Stated

US       8,129               1,191               280

PN       357                  74                    177

IL         472                  40                    2

IA        104                  8                      ---

NE       66                    1                      ---

Females

Literate Illiterate Not Stated

US       1,388               160                  5

PN       73                    23                 ---

IL       181                  15                    2

IA       33                    3                  ---

NE       ---                    ---                    ---

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