How Did Kate Richards O'Hare's Conviction and Incarceration for Sedition
during World War I Change Her Activism?


Basen, Neil K. "Kate Richards O'Hare: The 'First Lady' of American Socialism, 1901-1917." Labor History, 21 (Spring 1980): 165-99.

Chafee, Zechariah, Jr. Free Speech in the United States. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1954.

Dorn, Jacob H."Kate Richards O'Hare, 1876-1948." In Suzanne Niemeyer, ed., Research Guide to American Historical Biography, Vol. IV. Washington, D. C.: Beacham Publishing, 1990, pp. 2058-2064.

Foner, Philip S. and Sally M. Miller. Kate Richards O'Hare: Selected Writings and Speeches. Baton Rouge: Lousiana State University Press, 1982.

Green, Martha Nesselbush. "Outspoken Woman: Gender and Free Speech in the Trial of Kate Richards O'Hare." Ph.D. diss., Clark University, 2000.

Hanley, Marla Martin. "The Children's Crusade of 1922: Kate O'Hare and the Campaign to Free Radical War Dissenters in the Era of America's First Red Scare." Gateway Heritage, 10 (1989): 34-43.

Kennedy, Kathleen. "Casting an Evil Eye on the Youth of the Nation: Motherhood and Political Subversion in the Wartime Prosecution of Kate Richards O'Hare, 1917-1924." American Studies 39:3 (Fall 1998): 105-29.

Miller, Sally M. From Prairie to Prison: The Life of Social Activist Kate Richards O'Hare. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1993.

Sannes, Erling N. "Queen of the Lecture Platform": Kate Richards O'Hare and North Dakota Politics, 1917-1921." North Dakota History, 58, no. 4 (1991): 2-19.

Stepenoff, Bonnie. "Mother and Teacher as Missouri State Penitentiary Inmates: Goldman and O'Hare, 1917-1920." Missouri Historical Review, 85 (1991): 402-21.



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