How Did Leaders of the National Consumers' League and Their Lawyers Keep the
Minimum Wage Alive from the Adkins Case to the Fair Labor Standards Act, 1923-1938?

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Abstract

Introduction

FIRST STEPS: THE PROGRESSIVE ERA

Document 1: Massachusetts Commission on Minimum-Wage Boards, "Findings and Recommendations of the Commission," January 1912

Document 2: Rev. Edwin V. O'Hara, Welfare Legislation for Women and Minors, 19 November 1912

Document 3: Samuel Gompers, "The American Labor Movement: Its Makeup and Aspiration," American Federationist, July 1914

Document 4: Louis D. Brandeis, "The Constitution and the Minimum Wage," Survey, 6 February 1915

Document 5: Rome Brown, "Oregon Minimum Wage Cases," Minnesota Law Review, June 1917

Document 6: Mary K. Reely, ed., Selected Articles on Minimum Wage, 1917

THE ADKINS CASE, 1923

Document 7: Extracts from Letters by Employers, "Efficiency of the Workers Increased Under the Minimum Wage Laws," 1919-20

Document 8A: Felix Frankfurter and Mary Dewson, "The Need for Minimum Wage Legislation," 1922

Document 8B: Felix Frankfurter and Mary Dewson, "The Bulk of Wage-Earning Women Must Support Themselves," 1922

Document 9: Wade H. Ellis, "Oral Argument," 1923

Document 10: Adkins v. Children's Hospital, 9 April 1923

Document 11: Copy, telegram, Felix Frankfurter to Florence Kelley, 10 April 1923

RESPONSES TO ADKINS

Document 12: "The Woman's Party and the Minimum Wage for Women," Equal Rights, 22 April 1923

Document 13: "The Supreme Court Supplants Congress," Nation, 25 April 1923

Document 14: "The Minimum Wage--What Next?" Survey, 15 May 1923

Document 15: Florence Kelley, "Progress of Labor Legislation for Women," National Council of Social Work, 18 May 1923

Document 16: Florence Kelley to Felix Frankfurter, 20 May 1923

Document 17: Felix Frankfurter to Florence Kelley, 31 May 1923

Document 18: Conference on Minimum Wage Legislation and the Supreme Court Decision," Life and Labor, June 1923

Document 19: "Minutes of the Thirteenth Meeting of the Board of Directors," 15 October 1923

Document 20: Thomas Reed Powell, "The Supreme Court and Minimum Wage Legislation," Harvard Law Review, March 1924

Document 21: Mildred J. Gordon, Development of Minimum Wage Laws in the United States, 1912-1927, 1928

Document 22: Clara Mortenson Beyer, "Minimum Wage Laws in the United States," Life and Labor, May 1929

THE NEW DEAL AND THE MINIMUM WAGE

Document 23: Dean Acheson, "Brief on Behalf of States of Connecticut, Illinois, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, and Rhode Island, as Amici Curiae," 1936

Document 24: Burnita Shelton Matthews and Rebekah Scandrett Greathouse, "Brief as Amici Curiae on Behalf of the National Woman's Party [and five other women's organizations]," 1936

Document 25: Morehead v. New York ex rel. Tipaldo, 1 June 1936

Document 26: "Minutes of the Sixty Second Meeting of the Board of Directors," 11 June 1936

Document 27: West Coast Hotel v. Parrish, 29 March 1937

Document 28: "Progress in the Minimum Wage," The Woman Worker, 18 January 1938

Document 29: "Reminiscences of Frances Perkins: Oral History, 1955"

THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT AND AFTER

Document 30A: Fair Labor Standards Act of 1937: Joint Hearings, Frances Perkins Statement, June 1937

Document 30B: Fair Labor Standards Act of 1937: Joint Hearings, William Green Statement, June 1937

Document 30C: Fair Labor Standards Act of 1937: Joint Hearings, John L. Lewis Statement, June 1937

Document 30D: Fair Labor Standards Act of 1937: Joint Hearings, Lucy Mason Statement, June 1937

Document 30E: Fair Labor Standards Act of 1937: Joint Hearings, Donald Comer Statement, June 1937

Document 30F: Fair Labor Standards Act of 1937: Joint Hearings, John P. Davis Statement, June 1937

Document 30G: Fair Labor Standards Act of 1937: Joint Hearings, George H. Davis Statement, June 1937

Document 31: Fair Labor Standards Act, 1938

Document 32: "The Federal Wage-Hour Law and Women Workers," The Woman Worker, July 1938

Document 33: Jean Collier Brown, The Negro Woman Worker, 1938

Document 34: Florence P. Smith, State Minimum Wage Laws and Orders, An Analysis, 1939

Document 35: Frances Perkins to Felix Frankfurter, 7 June 1945

Document 36: Frances Perkins, "Wages and Hours," 1946

Document 37: Josephine Goldmark, "50 Years--The National Consumers' League," Survey, December 1949

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