About a fifth of the projects on Women and Social Movements remain freely available; the other projects, in addition to 55,000 pages of primary documents and enhanced searching tools, are available through Alexander Street Press.

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What are Social Movements and What Is Gendered About Women's Participation in Social Movements? A Sociological Perspective by Benita Roth and Marian Horan.
| Abstract | Document List | Introduction |

Why Were Illinois Indian Women Attracted to Catholicism, 1665-1750?
by Tracy Neal Leavelle.
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How Did Living in an Outpost of Empire influence Perceptions of Women's Sexual, Marital, and Public Roles in Eighteenth-Centrury Colonial St. Louis? by Patricia Cleary.
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How Did the Ladies Association of Philadelphia Shape New Forms of Women's Activism during the American Revolution, 1780-1781? by Kathryn Kish Sklar and Gregory Duffy.
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From Wollstonecraft to Mill: What British and European Ideas and Social Movements Influenced the Emergence of Feminism in the Atlantic World, 1792-1869? prepared under the direction of Nancy Hewitt, revised by Kitty Sklar.
| Abstract | Document List | Introduction |

How Did Susanna Rowson and Other Reformers Promote Higher Education as an Antidote to Women's Sexual Vulnerability, 1780-1820? by Bonnie Laughlin-Schultz.
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How Did Women's Antislavery Fiction Contribute to Debates about Gender, Slavery, and Abolition, 1828-1856? by Holly Kent
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How Did Oberlin Women Students Draw on Their College Experience to Participate in Antebellum Social Movements, 1831-1861? by Professor Carol Lasser and Oberlin College Students.
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How Did the Removal of the Cherokee Nation from Georgia Shape Women's Activism in the North, 1817-1838? by Kathryn Kish Sklar, with research assistance by Mary Weikum, Paige Whittaker, and Anna Goldstein.
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How Did Abolitionist Women and Their Slaveholding Relatives Negotiate Their Conflict over the Issue of Slavery? by Sherry H. Penney and James D. Livingston.
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What Was the Appeal of Moral Reform to Antebellum Northern Women, 1835-1841? by Daniel Wright and Kathryn Kish Sklar.
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How Did Local Antislavery Women Form National Networks in the Antebellum United States? by Beth A. Salerno.
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How Did Sarah Bagley Contribute to the Ten-Hour Movement in Lowell and How Did Her Labor Activism Flow into Other Reform
Movements, 1836-1870? by Teresa Murphy and Thomas Dublin.
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How Did Diverse Activists Shape the Dress Reform Movement, 1838-1881? by Melissa Doak and Melissa Karetny.
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How Did Lucretia Mott Combine Her Commitments to Antislavery and Women's Rights, 1840-1860? by Carol Faulkner and Beverly Wilson Palmer.
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How Do Contemporary Newspaper Accounts of the 1850 Worcester Woman's Rights Convention Enhance Our Understanding of the Issues Debated at That Meeting? by John McClymer.
| Abstract | Document List | Introducton |

Were Women in the Oneida Community Liberated or Oppressed by Bible Communism, 1848-1880? by Jennifer Cubic and Heather Rogan under the direction of Kathryn Kish Sklar.
| Abstract | Document List | Introducton |

Why Did Some Men Support the Women's Rights Movement in the 1850s, and How Did Their Ideas Compare to those of Women
in the Movement? by Gretchen Becht and Kathryn Kish Sklar.
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How Did Women Sculptors Contribute to and Draw Support from the Antislavery and Woman's Rights Movements, 1855-1875? by
Laura Prieto.
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How Did Northern White Women Participate in the Bleeding Kansas Conflict of the 1850s? by Kristen Tegtmeier Oertel.
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How Did Women Participate in the Underground Railroad? by Catherine Clinton.
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How Did Gender and Family Divisions among Shoeworkers Shape the 1860 New England Strike? by Mary H. Blewett.
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How Did White Women Aid Former Slaves during and after the Civil War and What Obstacles Did They Face? by Carol Faulkner.
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The Ballot Box and the National Citizen and Ballot Box, 1876-1881: An Interpretation and Document Archive by Gaylynn Welch.
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Why Did Colorado Suffragists Fail to Win the Right to Vote in 1877, but Succeed in 1893? by Jennifer Frost; Leslie Chomic; Marcia Goldstein; Rebecca Hunt; Heidi Voehringer.
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How Did the Reform Agenda of the Minnesota Woman's Christian Temperance Union Change, 1878-1917? by Kathleen Kerr.
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How did Clara Foltz's Experiences as a Woman Lawyer and Suffragist Influence Her Conception of a Public Defender for Those Accused of Crime, 1878-1913?by Barbara Allen Babcock.
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Why Did African-American Women Join the Woman's Christian Temperance Union , 1880-1900? by Thomas Dublin and Angela Scheurer.
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How Did a Multi-Racial Movement Develop in the Baltimore Y.W.C.A., 1883-1926? by Kimberly Crandall Bowling and Kriste Lindenmeyer.
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How Did American and Japanese Gender Hierarchies Shape Japanese Women's Participation in the Transnational WCTU Movement in the 1880s? by Rumi Yasutake.
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How Did Gender and Class Shape the Age of Consent Campaign Within the Social Purity Movement, 1886-1914? by Melissa Doak, Rebecca Park and Eunice Lee.
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What Were the Origins of International Women's Day, 1886-1920? by Kathryn Kish Sklar and Lauren Kryzak.
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How Did Changes in the Built Environment at Hull-House Reflect the Settlement's Interaction with Its Neighbors, 1889-1912? by Kathryn Kish Sklar, Rima Lunin Schultz, Melissa Doak, Marian Horan, and Kerry Lippincott.
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How Did Black and White Southern Women Campaign to End Lynching, 1890-1942? by Thomas Dublin, Kathryn Kish Sklar, and Karen Vill.
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How Did African-American Women Define Their Citizenship at the Chicago World's Fair in 1893? by Kathryn Kish Sklar and Erin Shaughnessy.
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How Did Florence Kelley's Campaign against Sweatshops in Chicago in the 1890s Expand Government Responsibility for Industrial
Working Conditions? by Kathryn Kish Sklar and Jamie Tyler.
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How Did the First Jewish Women's Movement Draw on Progressive Women's Activism and Jewish Traditions, 1893-1936? by Joyce Antler, Nina Schwartz, and Claire Uziel.
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How Did the Kindergarten Movement Provide Women with Opportunities for Professional Development and Social Activism in the United States and Internationally? by Ann Taylor Allen, Barbara Beatty, and Roberta Wollons .
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What Gender Perspectives Shaped the Emergence of the National Association of Colored Women, 1895-1920? by Thomas Dublin, with Franchesca Arias and Debora Carreras.
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How Did White Women Reformers with the Southern Utes Respond to Gendered Assimilationist Indian Policies? by Katherine Osburn.
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How Did the Views of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois toward Woman Suffrage Change, 1900-1915? by Chelsea Kuzma and Kathryn Kish Sklar.
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How Did the General Federation of Women's Clubs Shape Women's Involvement in the Conservation Movement, 1900-1930? by Kimberly A. Jarvis.
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How Did Local Branches of the American Association of University Women Contribute to Their Communities, 1900-1940? by Kathryn Kish Sklar and Jenelle Lynette Mullen.
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How Did the Debate about Widows' Pensions Shape Relief Programs for Single Mothers, 1900-1940? by S. J. Kleinberg.
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How Did the Portland YWCA Enhance the Lives of Women, 1901-2000? by Patricia A. Schechter.
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How Did Settlement Workers at Greenwich House Promote the Arts as Integral to a Shared Social Life? by Kirsten Swinth.
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How Did Iowa Women Activists Lobby for the Passage of the Juvenile Court Law in 1904? by Shannon O'Connor.
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Elizabeth Glendower Evans and Progressive Reform: From Minimum Wage to Sacco and Vanzetti and the American Civil Liberties Union, 1907-1938 by Jana Brubaker.
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How Did Kate Richards O'Hare's Conviction and Incarceration for Sedition during World War I Change Her Activism? by Lubna A. Alam and Elizabeth I. Perry.
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How Did the Perceived Threat of Socialism Shape the Relationship between Workers and their Allies in the New York City Shirtwaist Strike, 1909-1910? by Thomas Dublin, Kathryn Kish Sklar, and Deirdre Doherty.
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How Did Cross-Class Alliances Shape the 1910 Chicago Garment Workers' Strike? by Karen Pastorello.
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How Did Elisabeth Freeman's Publicity Skills Promote Woman Suffrage, Antilynching, and the Peace Movement, 1909-1919?, Part I by Thomas Dublin and Margaret Johnston.
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How Did Elisabeth Freeman's Publicity Skills Promote Woman Suffrage, Antilynching, and the Peace Movement, 1909-1919?, Part II by Thomas Dublin and Margaret Johnston.
| Abstract | Document List | Introduction |

How Did Immigrant Textile Workers Struggle to Achieve an American Standard of Living? The 1912 Strike in Lawrence , Massachusetts by Thomas Dublin and Kerri Harney.
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How Did Belle La Follette Oppose Racial Segregation in Washington, D.C., 1913-1914? by Nancy C. Unger.
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How Did the National Woman's Party Fund Its Activities, 1913-1940? by Sylvia Hoffert.
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How Did Women Activists Promote Peace in Their 1915 Tour of Warring European Capitals? by Kathryn Kish Sklar and Kari Amidon.
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How Did the Debate Between Margaret Sanger and Mary Ware Dennett Shape the Movement to Legalize Birth Control, 1915-1924? by Melissa Doak and Rachel Brugger.
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How Did The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom Campaign Against Chemical Warfare, 1915-1930? by Allison Sobek.
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How Did Japanese Women Peace Activists Interact with European Women as they Negotiated between Nationalism and Transnational Peace Activism to Promote Peace, 1915-1935? by Taeko Shibahara.
| Abstract | Document List | Introduction |

Why Did Congressional Lobbying Efforts Fail to Eliminate Contraception from Obscenity Laws, 1916-1937? by Melissa Doak and Kristy Horaz.
| Abstract | Document List | Introduction |

How Did Suffragists Lobby to Obtain Congressional Approval of a Woman Suffrage Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, 1917-1920? by Kathryn Kish Sklar and Kathleen Hoerger.
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What Infant and Maternal Health Services Provide for Women and Children in New York City, 1917-1920? by Kathryn Kish Sklar and Kathryn Martin.
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What Challenges Did Secretaries of the East St. Louis National Catholic Community House Face in their Social Work with Immigrants, 1918-1922? by Jeanne Petit.
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How Did Black Women in the NAACP Promote the Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill, 1918-1923? by Angelica Mungarro, under the supervision of Karen Anderson.
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How Did Texas Women Win Partial Suffrage in a One-Party Southern State in 1918? by Judith N. McArthur with the assistance of Harold L. Smith.
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How Did the National Woman's Party Address the Issue of Enfranchisement of Black Women, 1919-1924? by Kathryn Kish Sklar and Jill Dias.
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How Did the Republican Party Respond to Suffragists' Entry into Electoral Politics in New York, 1919-1926? by Kathryn Kish Sklar and Nicole Hunt.

What Was the Relationship between Mary Church Terrell's International Experience and Her Work against Racism in the United States? by Alison M. Parker .
| Abstract | Document List | Introduction |

How Did Women Antifeminists Shape and Limit the Social Reform Movements of the 1920s? by Kim Nielsen.
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Pacifism vs. Patriotism in Women's Organizations in the 1920s: How Was the Debate Shaped by the Expansion of the American Military? by Anissa Harper LoCasto and Kathryn Kish Sklar.
| Abstract | Document List | Introduction |

Maud Wood Park Archive: The Power of Organization, Part One: Maud Wood Park and the Woman Suffrage Movement by Melanie Gustafson.
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Maud Wood Park Archive: The Power of Organization, Part Two: Maud Wood Park in a Nation of Women Voters by Melanie Gustafson.
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How Did Margaret Sanger's 1922 Tour of Japan Help Spread the Idea of Birth Control and Inspire the Formation of a Japanese Birth Control Movement? by Esther Katz, Peter C. Engelman, Cathy Moran Hajo, and Rui Kohiyama.
| Abstract | Document List | Introduction |

Who Won the Debate over the Equal Rights Amendment in the 1920s? by Kathryn Kish Sklar.
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How Did Rank and File Women Construct the "New Negro Woman" within the Universal Negro Improvement Association in the 1920s? by Keisha Benjamin.
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How Did Women Peace Activists Respond to "Red Scare" Attacks during the 1920s? by Kathryn Kish Sklar and Helen Baker.
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How Did Women Shape the Presentation of Norwegian American Ethnicity at the 1925 Norse-American Centennial? by April Schultz.
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The Women's Pages of The Western Producer, 1925-1939: Violet McNaughton and Interwar Feminism in Canada by Margaret Hobbs and Susan Wurtele.
| Abstract | Document List | Introduction |

How Did Women Shape the Discourse and Further Interracial Cooperation in the Worldwide Mass Movement to Free the Scottsboro Boys? by Sara L. Creed and Hasia Diner.
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What Perspectives Did African American Advocates Bring to the Birth Control Movement and How Did Those Perspectives Shape the History of the Harlem Branch Birth Control Clinic? by Carole McCann.
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How Did Women Needleworkers Influence New Deal Labor Policies in Puerto Rico ? by Ivette Rivera-Guisti, under the direction of Thomas Dublin.
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How Did the League of Women Shoppers Use Their Privilege to Act in Solidarity with Workers, 1935-1948? by Beth Robinson .
| Abstract | Document List | Introduction |

How Did the International Ladies Garment Workers Union and Chinese Garment Workers in the 1938 National Dollar Stores Strike? by Thomas Dublin, with research assistance by John Qiu, Julie Joseph, and Michelle Kleehammer.
| Abstract | Document List | Introduction |

How Did Mexican Working Women Assert Their Labor and Constitutional Rights in the 1938 San Antonio Pecan Shellers Strike? by Thomas Dublin, Taina DelValle, and Rosalyn Perez.
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How Did the March on Washington Movement's Critique of American Democracy in the 1940s Awaken African American Women to the Problem of Jane Crow? by Cynthia Taylor.
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Why Did the Iowa League of Women Voters Oppose the Equal Rights Amendment during the 1940s and 1950s? by Maggie Campbell and Victoria Brown.
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How Did Florence Kitchelt Bring Together Social Feminists and Equal Rights Feminists to Reconfigure the Campaign for the ERA in the 1940s and 50s? by Danelle Moon and Kathryn Kish Sklar.
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How Did Suburban Development and Domesticity Shape Women's Activism in Queens, New York, 1945-1968? by Sylvie Murray.
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How Did White Southern Churchwomen Use Their Race, Gender, and Faith in the Struggle for Civil Rights, 1945-1968? by Edith Holbrook Riehm.
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The Ladder: A Lesbian Review, 1956-1972: An Interpretation and Document Archive by Marcia M. Gallo..
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How Did Ideologies of Gender and Professionalism Intersect in the History of Nursing in Oregon? By Patricia A. Schechter.
| Abstract | Document List | Introduction |

How and Why Was Feminist Legal Strategy Transformed, 1960-1973? by Serena Mayeri.
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How Did State Commissions on the Status of Women Overcome Historic Antagonisms between Equal Rights and Labor Feminists to Create a New Feminist Mainstream, 1963-1973? by Kathleen A. Laughlin.
| Abstract | Document List | Introduction |

How Did Catholic Women Participate in the Rebirth of American Feminism? by Mary Henold.
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How Did African American Women Shape the Civil Rights Movement and What Challenges Did They Face? by Gail S. Murray.
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How Did the Canadian Women's Liberation Movement Emerge from the Sixties Student Movements? The Case of Simon Fraser University by Roberta Lexier.
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What Factors Led to the Success of the Historic 1970 Sex Discrimination Complaint Filed against the University of Michigan? by Sara Fitzgerald .
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How Did the Los Angeles Woman's Building Keep Feminism Alive, 1970-1991? by Michelle Moravec.
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How Did Diverse Activists in the Second Wave of the Women's Movement Shape Emerging Public Policy on Sexual Harassment? by Carrie N. Baker.
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How Did Working-Class Feminists Meet the Challenges of Working Across Differences? The National Congress of Neighborhood Women, 1974-2006 by Tamar Carroll.
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How Did the National Women's Conference in Houston in 1977 Shape a Feminist Agenda for the Future? by Kathryn Kish Sklar with research assistance by Sandra Henderson.
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How Did the National Women's Conference in Houston in 1977 Shape a Feminist Agenda for the Future? by Kathryn Kish Sklar and Thomas Dublin.
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How Did Iowa Coalitions Campaign for the Equal Rights Amendment in 1980 and 1992? by Dan Itzkowitz, under the direction of Victoria Brown.
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How Did Chinese Women Garment Workers in New York City Forge a Successful Class-Based Coalition during the 1982 Contract Dispute? by Xiaolan Bao.
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How and Why Did the Guerrilla Girls Alter the Art World Establishment in New York City, 1985-1995? by Suzanne Lustig, under the direction of Kathryn Kish Sklar.
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How Have Recent Social Movements Shaped Civil Rights Legislation for Women? The 1994 Violence Against Women Act by Kathryn Kish Sklar and Suzanne Lustig.
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How Did Shirley Chisholm, the First African American Woman Elected to the United States Congress, Advance an Inclusive Feminist Politics in the 1960s and 1970s? by Julie Gallagher.
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How Did Feminism Contribute to the Transformation of Radical Theater in the United States, 1966-1983? by Thomas Dublin and Melody James.
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