How Did the Kindergarten Movement Provide Women with Opportunities for Professional Development and Social Activism in the United States and Internationally?

Abstract

         
Introduced from Germany, the kindergarten was among the earliest and most widespread of all reform movements led by women. From 1860 to 1930, the kindergarten became entrenched in the United States and offered American women and women around the world unique opportunities for professional development in private and public schools, training institutes, settlement houses, clubs, and other institutions. Female activists organized kindergarten campaigns to provide preschool education to children from all social class backgrounds, permanently reforming American education.

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