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Florence Kelley and the Illinois Sweatshop Law

Document 4

§ 1. No room or rooms, apartment or apartments in any tenement or dwelling house used for eating or sleeping purposes, shall be used for the manufacture, in whole or in part, of coats, vests, trousers, kneepants, overalls, cloaks, shirts, ladies' waists, purses, feathers, artificial flowers or cigars, except by the immediate members of the family living therein. 

§ 4. No child under fourteen years of age shall be employed in any manufacturing establishment, factory or workshop within this State.

§ 5. No female shall be employed in any factory or workshop more than eight hours in any one day or forty-eight hours in any one week.

§ 7. Whenever any house, room or place is used for the purpose of carrying on any process of making, altering, repairing or finishing for sale, or for wages . . . any wearing apparel of any kind whatsoever, intended for sale, it shall, within the meaning of this act, be deemed a workshop for the purposes of inspection.

§ 8. Any person, firm or corporation who fails to comply with any provision of this act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction thereof shall be fined not less than three dollars nor more than one hundred dollars for each offense.

§ 9. The Governor shall, upon the taking effect of this act, appoint a factory inspector, . . . an assistant factory inspector, . . . and ten deputy factory inspectors, of whom five shall be women . . .  Said inspector, assistant inspector and deputy inspectors shall be empowered to visit and inspect . . . the workshops, factories and manufacturing establishments in this State where the manufacture of goods is carried on.

-- Excerpts from "An Act to regulate the manufacture of clothing, wearing apparel
and other articles in this State, and to provide for the appointment of State
inspectors to enforce the same," Laws of the State of Illinois, 1893

5.  What regulations does this law impose upon sweatshops?

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6.  How does the law provide for its enforcement?

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