Florence Kelley and the Illinois Sweatshop Law
Part B: Essay
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion. Use evidence from at least five documents in the body of the essay. Support your response with relevant facts, examples, and details. Include additional outside information.
Between 1890 and 1920, reformers sought to remedy the worst working conditions in the new industrial economy by passing and implementing new labor laws to regulate these conditions. Passed first at the state level, and very often initially for women only, eventually these laws were adopted at the federal level and extended to include men as well as women. In Chicago, Florence Kelley rose rapidly to a leadership position within the city's surging anti-sweatshop movement. As Chief Factory Inspector of Illinois, she was instrumental in the passage and enforcement of that state's 1893 labor law. However, the provisions of the law regulating the working hours of women in manufacturing establishments remained in effect for only two years; in 1895, the Supreme Court of Illinois declared the law unconstitutional.
Using information from the documents and your knowledge of United States history, write an essay in which you:
In your essay, be sure to:
- Address all aspects of the Task by accurately analyzing and interpreting at least five documents.
- Incorporate information from the documents in the body of the essay.
- Incorporate relevant outside information.
- Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details.
- Use a logical and clear plan of organization.
- Introduce the theme by establishing a framework that is beyond a simple restatement of the Task or Historical Context and conclude with a summation of the theme.
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