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Pacifism vs. Patriotism in Women's Organizations of the 1920s

Document 3

The following resolution was passed at the third international meeting of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom:

      Believing that universal total disarmament is the only sure guarantee of international peace, the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom views with horror the great post-war increase of expenditure on armies and navies in the Allied countries, as shown by the figures below.

 
1913-1914
1920-21
United States
$316,000,000
(nominally 63,000,000)
$911,000,000
(nominally 162,000,000)
Britain
28,416,000
164,745,000
France
Frs. 913,750,000
(nominally 37,000,000)
Frs. 4,952,000,000
(nominally 198,000,000)
Japan
Yen 97,454,515
(approximately 10,000,000)
Yen 250,000,000
(approximately 23,000,000)

      The delegates at Vienna saw in the projected Washington Conference an opportunity given to the three foremost naval powers to lead the way in lessening the wasteful and devastating expenditure on military force which is impoverishing the world and debasing international relations.

-- Excerpt from Women's International League for Peace and Freedom,
"Manifesto on Disarmament," 1921

5. Did all the nations in the above chart increase their military spending from 1913-1914 to 1920-1921?

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6. By how much did the United States increase its military spending during this period?

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7. What did WILPF members believe would be the ultimate effect of the increased military spending of the Allied countries?

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