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Pacifism vs. Patriotism in Women's Organizations of the 1920s

Document 4

I am perfectly confident that the ex-soldiers who make up the American Legion are as eager and as anxious to bring about international peace as this organization of women. We do not agree in method because our League feels that preparedness for war brings war, as it did in Germany, and because we agree with President Coolidge that no army is large enough to guarantee us from attack. We, therefore, believe that we should find another method for settling international disputes other than that by the duel. The fact that we may disagree with the Legion on method does not make us either vicious or unpatriotic. We do not believe that patriotism is synonymous with militarism and we realize that we are serving our country as loyally and as devotedly as are other citizens who may agree with us in principle though not in method.

-- Excerpt from Dorothy Detzer, National Secretary for the U.S. Section of WILPF,
to the Monahan Post of the American Legion, 14 June 1926

8. According to the document, why did Dorothy Detzer reject military preparedness as a way to prevent an
attack against the United States?

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9. Explain the statement: "We do not believe that patriotism is synonymous with militarism."

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To Document 5

 

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