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Pacifism vs. Patriotism in Women's Organizations of the 1920s

Document 7

      Here I find Miss Jane Addams listed as President of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Nowhere is it frankly stated that "Miss Addams is a Bolshevik," but by indirect processes, innuendoes, and unrelated quotations, a combination of sentences charges her organization with direct Communist activities, its President with Communistic faith, and both together are unmistakably charged with work to destroy civilization and Christianity. It says definitely that Miss Addams "desired the aftermath of the war to be International Communism."

      Miss Addams is not a Bolshevik.
      She is not a Communist.
      She is not a Revolutionist.
      She is not a red.
      She is not even a Socialist.
      She is not favorable to the six aims of the Communists, or any one of them. . . .

      You oppose [pacifist organizations] because all have expressed the hope . . . that peace will one day supplant war. . . .

      It is your privilege as free citizens to campaign in support of your opposition to these views, but there is no excuse whatsoever for calling those who differ with you Bolsheviks, Reds and conspirators aiming to tear down the nation. No one feels ill-tempered that you oppose these measures. What does stir criticism is the fact that you impugn the motives, assail the honor, question the intelligence, malign the representatives of honorable organizations, and by wholesale call advocates of these measures dupes and Reds.

-- Excerpts from Carrie Chapman Catt, "An Open Letter
to the D.A.R.," The Woman Citizen, July 1927

15. Why did Catt criticize the Daughters of the American Revolution?

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16. According to Catt, why did the DAR oppose peace organizations?

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To Part B

 

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