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The National Woman's Party and Suffrage for African-American Women

Document 1

Oct 24th 1920                               

Miss Emma Wold:
       Washington, D.C.

My Dear Miss Wold:  

       I went before the registrator Oct 15th, and was refused to be registered, as this board requires all colored to be able to read and write to "suit" the registrator and all persons of colored origin in this whole county have been unable to suit the registrator; North Carolina laws require one to be able to read and write, to register, still we have in our county ones to fill requirements then they are refused. I hope, and ask if you should have this matter investigated, then please do not let my name be brought into this matter because their is so much prejudice existing until I am most assured I will be a victim of lawless Mob. To show you I am no agitator, or race leader, I will try to explain just my position. I am a nurse, have nursed in most every home in this town for past 9 years, acting at times as assistant to one of the South's best Surgeons. . . . I donated to the Red Cross, Volunteered during the epidemic of "1918," "flu," and hold a certificate for heroic services rendered over my State and own property, and pay my tax. Am a Christian belong to the Methodist Church, attend to my own business, don't interfere with no race of people, and try to live here as I expect to live when I pass in the great beyond, that is in peace. I have seven (7) brothers law abiding supposed to be citizens denied the same as myself.  

       Hoping and resting assured you will not use my name in this matter that I will close.  

From
      Anna A. Clemons  
      Bx 294  Southport N.C.

-- Excerpts from letter from Anna A. Clemons to Emma Wold,
Secretary of the National Woman's Party, 24 October 1920

1.  Why was Clemons unable to register to vote in South Carolina, despite the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment?

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2. How did Clemons justify her complaint?

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