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African-American Women in the Woman's Christian Temperance Union

Document 3

The following is an excerpt from a report by the Superintendent of Work Among Colored People in the North:

      This Department of work was created a year ago last May. At the last [Indiana] State Convention in May, it was decided to salary the State Superintendent, that she might go untrammeled through the State organizing the Colored People. In the heat of the campaign she has not been able to make much headway; but we hope that next year will see a general turning of the hearts of the colored people towards Temperance and Prohibition. . . .

      To help a race who have behind them the barbarism of heathendom, and ages of the weakness, ignorance and poverty of slavery, into loving, helpful sympathy with others who have behind them ages of Christian civilization, is a work that well might fill an angel's heart with tender love.

-- Excerpt from Frances Harper, "Work Among Colored People," Minutes of
the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union, at the Eleventh
Annual Meeting in St. Louis, Missouri, October 22nd to 25th, 1884

5. What did Harper believe would help African Americans overcome the legacy of slavery?

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