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African-American Women in the Woman's Christian Temperance Union

Document 5

      Still I will suggest the following general plan [for organizing African- American recruits]: First the appointment in every state of a superintendent. Secondly, the securing in each state a woman as lecturer and organizer, especially to the colored people. Let them be well supplied with temperance literature. Let them organize wherever practicable W.C.T.U., Bands of Hope and Temperance Sunday Schools. Circulate the [Temperance] pledge in all the meetings, introduce temperance books and papers into the Sunday Schools. Get ministers pledged to preach temperance sermons at least once in three months. Have the whole under the watchful care of the local W.C.T.U. In fact, as far as may be, use all the agencies for similar work among white people. Whenever possible introduce temperance textbooks into public schools.

 -- Excerpt from Mrs. Chas. Kinney to the Editor, "Work
Among the Colored People," Union Signal, 15 February 1883

8. Identify three methods Kinney suggested for organizing African Americans.

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9. Why do you think Kinney believed African-American churches could be used as an important recruitment tool?

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