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Gender and the Freedman's Aid Movement

A class discussion focusing on conflicts between male and female reformers; a suggestion for a class debate; an optional written assignment based on the debate.

Anti-Lynching Campaigns, 1890-1942

Class discussion focusing on differences between black and white women's approaches to ending lynching; class activity asking students to write and give speeches against lynching from different points of view; paper assignment exploring differences and similarities in women's views about lynching.

African-American Women and the 1893 Chicago World's Fair

Exploration of Washington and Du Bois's positions on woman suffrage; exploration of the conceptions of African-American citizenship articulated by three African-American women in 1894.

Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois on Woman Suffrage

Discussion of Margaret Murray Washington's position on woman suffrage and a comparison of her position to that of other women; comparison of the women's positions to those of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois; paper assignment asking students to write short speeches from one of these viewpoints.

The Fight for Bread and Roses

Class discussion focusing on a retrospective account of the strike; comparisons of different accounts of the strike; exploration of how the strike was "gendered" in the media.

Lobbying for Passage of the National Suffrage Amendment

Discussion focusing on lobbying tactics suffragists used to obtain the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment; examination of relationships between prominent suffragists; paper assignment focusing on newspaper coverage of the suffrage campaign and the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment.

New York Suffragists and Electoral Politics, 1919-1926

Exploration of the difficulties women activists encountered when attempting to work within the established political parties after the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment; discussion of suffragists' efforts to defeat Senator James Wadsworth from New York in his reelection campaigns in 1920 and 1926 as a case study exemplifying these difficulties; paper assignment focusing on the conflicts between suffrage and anti-suffrage women.

Pacifism vs. Patriotism in the 1920s

Class discussion focusing on understanding the debate between the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom and the Daughters of the American Revolution about war and disarmament; small group work exploring the "Red Scare" and its impact on peace organizations; short writing assignment analyzing political cartoons reprinted in DAR Magazine.

The 1938 San Antonio Pecan Shellers Strike

Class discussion of three different newspapers' coverage of the pecan shellers strike; discussion of left-wing politics in the strike; writing assignment focusing on the central role of women in the strike.

Puerto Rican Needleworkers During the New Deal

Class discussion of the newspaper coverage of the 1933 needleworkers' strike in MayagŁez, Puerto Rico; writing assignment asking students to explain potential reasons why the attitudes expressed in the newspapers toward strikers, owners, and police were so varied.


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