Why and How Did a Small Group of Maverick Abortion Providers Called the November
Gang Come to Challenge Prevailing Conventions of Abortion Provision and What Were
Their Innovations?


   This project describes the emergence and subsequent activities of a little known but historically significant group within the abortion provider community in the United States, the "November Gang," that first met in 1989. This group was primarily composed of clinic directors and owners with particular interest in counseling. The NG, which continues to meet twice a year to this day, is noteworthy for a number of innovations its members developed in abortion care. In telling the story of this group, we are also telling a larger story of how the abortion issue has unfolded in American society since the Roe v. Wade decision in 1973, and in particular, how the growing intensity of the "abortion wars" directly impacted the character of abortion care offered in the freestanding clinics where most of abortions in the U.S. continue to take place.


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