How Did African American Women Shape
the Civil Rights Movement and What Challenges Did They Face?

Document List

This document project is available by subscription
through Alexander Street Press.
You may click here to request a free trial.



Document 1A: Mary Church Terrell, "What Role Is the Educated Negro Woman to Play in the Uplifting of her Race?" 1902

Document 1B: "Mrs. Mary Church Terrell," 1902

Document 2: Annie H. Jones, "How Can We as Women Advance The Standing of the Race?" July 1904

Document 3: Charlotte Hawkins Brown, Speech Given at the Women's Interracial Conference, Memphis, Tennessee, 8 October 1920

Document 4: Daisy Gatson Bates, The Long Shadow of Little Rock, chap. 2, ca. 1932

Document 5A: National Council of Negro Women, "Tentative By-Laws of the National Council of Negro Women," ca.1935

Document 5B: Dorothy Height, Interview with James Mosby, ca. 1936-1970

Document 6: Excerpt, Interview with Willa V. Robinson by Malinda Manor, ca. 1945

Document 7: Mary Fair Burks, "Trailblazers: Women in the Montgomery Bus Boycott," Women in the Civil Rights Movement, ca. 1948

Document 8: Excerpt from interview with Mattie Jones by David Cline, ca. 1953

Document 9A: Excerpt, Septima Poinsette Clark, Echo in My Soul, ca. 1954-1957

Document 9B: Excerpt, Septima Poinsette Clark, Echo in My Soul, ca. 1960

Document 9C: Excerpt, Bernice Robinson, Interview by Sue Thrasher and Eliot Wigginton, ca. 1960

Document 10: Excerpt, Jo Ann Gibson Robinson, with David Garrow, The Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Women Who Started It, December 1955

Document 11: Excerpt from Vera Pigee, The Struggle of Struggles, Spring 1960

Document 12A: Excerpt, Interview with Daisy Gatson Bates by Elizabeth Jacoway, Spring 1957

Document 12B: Excerpt from Daisy Gatson Bates, The Long Shadow of Little Rock, 23 September 1957

Document 13: Excerpt, Interview with Ella Baker by Eugene Walker, ca. 1954

Document 14: Septima P. Clark, "The Role of Women," Ready from Within, ca. 1953-1965

Document 15: Diane Nash, "Inside the Sit-Ins and Freedom Rides," August 1961

Document 16A: Septima P. Clark, "A Fabulous Decade: Montgomery to Memphis, a Woman's Viewpoint," ca. 1961-1970

Document 16B: Septima P. Clark to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., 12 December 1963

Document 16C: Memo, Septima P. Clark to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., 12 December 1963

Document 17A: Maxine Smith, "Report of Executive Secretary," 7 June - 18 July 1961

Document 17B: Maxine Smith, "Report of Executive Secretary," 4 March - 7 April 1964

Document 17C: Maxine Smith, "Report of Executive Secretary," 1 January - 6 February 1968

Document 17D: Mary G. Parker, Affidavit, 26 March 1968

Document 17E: George Perry, Affidavit, 1 May 1968

Document 18: Pauli Murray, "The Negro Woman in the Quest for Equality," 14 November 1963

Document 19: Fannie Lou Hamer, Transcript of Testimony to the Democratic National Convention, Credentials Committee, 22 August 1964

Document 20: Excerpt from Anne Moody, Coming of Age in Mississippi, 1968

Document 21: Elizabeth B. Barnes and Frances M. Tenenbaum, "Wednesdays in Mississippi Preliminary Report," 1964

Document 22: Excerpt from Dorothy Height, Open Wide the Freedom Gates, ca. 1967

Document 23A: Pat Robinson and Group, "Letter to a North Vietnamese Sister from an Afro-American Woman," ca. September 1968

Document 23B: Pat Robinson and Group, "On the Position of Poor Black Women in This Country," ca. September 1968

Document 24: Excerpt from Elaine Brown, A Taste of Power: A Black Woman's Story, August 1974

Document 25: Angela Davis, "Prison Interviews," 1971

Document 26: Michele Wallace, "A Black Feminist's Search for Sisterhood," 1975

Document 27: Audre Lorde, "Learning from the 60s," 1982

Document 28: Barbara Smith, "The Tip of the Iceberg," 1994



Project Credits

Related Links

| Documents | Teacher's Corner | Links | Search | About Us | Home |