How Did Japanese Women Peace Activists Interact with European Women
as They Negotiated between Nationalism and Transnational Peace Activism
to Promote Peace, 1915-1935?


       Before the 1920's, Japanese feminism lagged behind similar movements in the West. Gendered policies implemented by the Meiji government and public attitudes that supported those policies impeded women from developing a strong women's rights movement. However, interwar women's social activism promoted by contact with western feminists catalyzed the development of the women's rights movement in Japan. This project focuses on the interwar women's peace movement in Japan that emerged as a product of the contradictory influences of contact with the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom and of Japanese nationalism and militarism. It argues that Japanese women created a unique women's movement by negotiating the tensions between nationalism and transnationalism.


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